SchoolMusicTools.com - Information about Musical Instruments for School Music Teachers

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Musical Instruments

This section of the website contains information about the musical instruments that are used in bands, ensembles, orchestras and solo performance. It does not include any electronic instruments such as synthesizers as these are listed in the Music Hardware tab.

The musical instruments included here have been grouped into their instrument families of Woodwind, Brass, Percussion and Strings. The Age column gives an indication of when a student can realistically begin to learn each instrument and depends on factors such as weight and finger size to reach keys. Each instrument's written transposition and staff is included to indicate how it is normally written in musical notation.

Instrument Name Family Age Pitch Written Transposition Staff
Sopranina Recorder Woodwind 5 C Non-transposing Treble
Descant Recorder Woodwind 5 C Non-transposing Treble
Treble Recorder Woodwind 7 C Non-transposing Treble
Tenor Recorder Woodwind 9 C Non-transposing Treble
Bass Recorder Woodwind 11 C Non-transposing Treble
Piccolo Woodwind 10 C Non-transposing Treble
Flute Woodwind 8 C Non-transposing Treble
Oboe Woodwind 10 C Non-transposing Treble
Clarinet Woodwind 8 Bb Up Major 2nd Treble
Soprano Sax Woodwind 8 Bb Up Major 2nd Treble
Alto Sax Woodwind 8 Eb Up Major 6th Treble
Tenor Sax Woodwind 10 Bb+1 Up Major 9th Treble
Baritone Sax Woodwind 11 Eb+1 Up 1 Octave + Major 6th Treble
English Horn Woodwind 10 F Up Perfect 5th Treble
Bassoon Woodwind 10 C Non-transposing Bass
Trumpet Brass 8 Bb Up Major 2nd Treble
Trombone Brass 8 C Non-transposing Bass
French Horn Brass 11 F Up Perfect 5th Treble
Tuba Brass 11 C Non-transposing Bass
Glockenspiel Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Grand
Vibraphone Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Grand
Marimba Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Grand
Xylophone Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Grand
Drums Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Drum
Tambourine Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Percussion
Maracas Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Percussion
Cabasa Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Percussion
Triangle Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Percussion
Bongos Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Percussion
Congas Percussion 5 C Non-transposing Percussion
Violin Strings 5 C Non-transposing Treble
Viola Strings 5 C Non-transposing Alto
Cello Strings 8 C Non-transposing Grand
String Bass Strings 11 C Up 1 Octave Bass
Harp Strings 11 C Non-transposing Grand
Guitar Strings 5 C Up 1 Octave Treble
Piano Strings 5 C Non-transposing Grand